Many cities are facing “congestion problems” (It is in quotation marks because often it is believed that congestion is a sign of an economically buoyant city). City officers and planners witness an increasing need to provide more transport services. But they are doing it wrong!
Transport planning is not to be done as an engineering discipline. If the city officials are willing to tackle congestion related problems, they want to have a different starting point.
What is wrong about congestion?
- Limiting mobility
- Restricting access
- Unpleasant commuting experience /delays
- Clogging streets
- Affecting health
and so on…
We are looking at an inefficient utilization of public space that affects people. So now we have a stage: public space and main characters: People.
This is exactly where city planning and policies should begin. Transport planners should be looking at a way to manage public space in an efficient way for the people to be able to access goods, services, activities and destinations (ideally in a pleasant and safe manner). As matter of fact, it should be considered mobility planning.
“Mobility policies” have long been evaluated as an engineering discipline with performance measures such as speed and kilometers. However, mobility policies require an interdisciplinary approach. Mobility policies can be certainly enriched by the vision of psychologists, economists, urban planners, designers, social workers and artists. Public space is meant to be for people to move around, therefore social, behavioral, and health sciences can have a better approach to improving mobility and accessibility for the people in the cities.
Mobility planning is about interaction and space. It requires performance measurements that reflect a social intrinsic relation between the space and people. We should be looking at indicators that provide information about security, safety, comfort, proximity, options, possibilities, sensual pleasure, cultural offer, availability, and social inclusion, among others.
Streets should be looked more like a functional artistic creation rather than accelerating machines. If we plan for people we have to keep in mind that their regular speed is 4km/h. We have to plan for everyone including kids and seniors (the 8-80 reference). At this speed our senses also make a strong connection with the ambience. Therefore when designing mobility plans we have to plan for those at the mobility base: Pedestrians.
Most of the trips begin walking or moving through the public spaced helped by objects (that are not our transport mean) like strollers, wheelchairs, canes, etc… These trips also offer more chances to enjoy the neighborhood and embrace it. The more welcoming the conditions get, the more people would be willing to explore it, making it more popular, safer and encompassed in daily life. We may see more pedestrians, more people in non motorized transportation and ultimately less cars.
Making public space welcoming, functional and pretty is certainly less expensive than building highways and more inclusive and friendly for the society.
Here is a great example of how better management of public space, attracts more people: